Southern California Dog Bite Attorneys
Every year, thousands of people suffer personal injury due to animal bites, most often dogs. In many cases, a person bitten by an animal may have a legal right to recover damages from the animal's owner or another responsible party. An experienced Southern California dog bite lawyer can explain the specific law as it relates to dog bite injuries.
Owner Liability for Dog/Animal Bites
In deciding who is responsible for an animal bite, the first thing to determine is: who is the owner of the animal? The owner of an animal can be held liable for the injuries it inflicts, provided that the owner knew, or had reason to know, that the animal had "dangerous propensities." In other words, if an animal owner knows that his or her animal is dangerous and could cause injury to a person, the animal owner can be held liable for the animal's harmful actions.
Determining whether an owner knew of an animal's "dangerous propensities" can be difficult. The first question that often arises in making this determination is whether the owner needs to know of the particular animal's potential for harm, or whether the owner only needs to know that type of animal is potentially harmful. For example, when a person has a pit bull as a pet, does that mean the owner knows or should know the pet will be harmful, just because, in general, pit bulls can be harmful?
Los Angeles area dog bite attorneys know that the law imposes what is known as "strict liability" upon animal owners whose animals bite or attack others. Under the theory of strict liability, an owner is legally responsible for an animal bite, regardless of whether the owner did anything wrong with respect to protecting others from attack. Under this theory, even if the owner had no reason to know that his or her animal was dangerous, if the animal bit someone, the owner would still be liable.
Potential Defenses in Dog/Animal Bite Cases
There are instances in which an owner of a vicious animal might not be held liable for an attack by their animal. For example, if the animal owner adequately warned other people that the animal was dangerous and took measures to keep the animal away from people, a person who ignored the owner's warnings and was injured by the animal might not successfully sue the owner. In legal terms, the injured person's behavior in such a situation is known as "contributory negligence" or "assumption of the risk." An injured person is contributorily negligent when he or she fails to exercise the degree of care for his or her safety that a reasonable person would exercise under similar circumstances.
For example, if a person climbs over a fence and is bitten by a dog on the other side, a jury could decide not to hold the dog owner liable if they believed that a normal reasonable person would not have climbed over the wall in the first place. To use another example, if the owner puts up a "Beware of Dog" sign, and a person ignores this sign and gets bitten by the dog, the owner might not be responsible for that person's injury. If the animal owner is claiming either "assumption of risk" or "contributory negligence," however, the owner has the burden of convincing the jury of these arguments.
An animal owner can also argue that the injured person provoked the animal, and this may be a way for the owner to avoid liability. For example, if a person makes a threatening gesture toward an animal, and the animal attacks, this could negate the owner's liability. Speaking with a Southern California dog bite attorney about the specific nature of your accident can help you determine who is at fault for an animal attack.
Other Potential Responsible Parties
Animal owners are not the only people who can be held responsible for animal bites. Someone other than the animal's owner could be held liable for an animal bite.
Animal Keepers: Anyone who is responsible for the care or custody of an animal may be considered an owner or keeper and can be held responsible for an animal bite. Examples include kennels, a pound, or an animal sitter.
Parents of Minors: Even if a person under 18 years of age owns the animal at issue, in many states an injured person can bring a legal claim against the minor's parents, even if the parents had no direct involvement with the animal.
Property Owners: A property owner can be liable for injuries caused by an animal that the property owner allowed onto his or her property.
Landlords: If an apartment landlord knew, or should have known, that a tenant owned a dangerous animal, the landlord may also be liable for animal bite injuries.
Proving Owner Knowledge of a Dog's Viciousness
In order to recover damages from the animal's owner, an injured person may need to show that the owner knew, or had reason to know, that the animal was predisposed to bite or attack. Hiring an experienced Southern California dog bite lawyer is the best way to resolve legal damages from an animal attack.
Horses and Other Domestic Animals
Most injuries from horses and other domestic animals are typically treated in the same manner as injuries caused by dogs. This means that the owner of a horse or other domestic animal will usually be held liable for injuries caused by the horse if the owner knew or had reason to know of the horse's dangerous tendencies. Also, consistent with other animal cases, a horse owner may not be liable for injuries if the owner can prove the injured person "assumed the risk," was "contributorily negligent," or provoked the horse.
People who own or keep wild animals are often subject to strict liability in the same way that dog owners are responsible for dog bites. The reason for this is that the act of keeping an animal that is potentially uncontrollable and vicious is considered inherently dangerous. Thus, even if the owner of a wild animal goes to extreme measures to protect people from his animal, such as building high fences, if the animal does end up injuring someone, the owner can be held liable regardless of the effort he or she took to protect the public.
What Damages Can a Bite Victim Recover?
Depending on the seriousness of injuries resulting from an animal attack, a bite victim may be entitled to recover compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering and property damage. In some instances, a bite victim may also be entitled to punitive damages, which are awarded to punish someone for his or her behavior.
To justify an award of punitive damages, the wrongdoer's conduct usually must be more than negligent, such as reckless or intentional conduct. For example, if a dog owner knew his dog was very dangerous, yet repeatedly allowed the dog to run free near a school, and the dog eventually attacked a child, a jury could conclude that punitive damages are appropriate.
Spray Gould & Bowers LLP has been representing the legal needs of Southern Californians since 1925. Our Los Angeles area dog bite attorneys have the skill, experience and knowledge to provide our clients with the solid legal representation they need. Clients always come first at Spray Gould & Bowers LLP. You'll never feel like just another number when you use our firm. Instead, we try to keep our clients involved in the process and informed of their legal options so that we can work together to create a legal strategy that is tailored to their unique needs.